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Panama - Animals in the Habitats and the Fossil sites, and Biodiversity

Classified animal picture guide. Clicking(highlighting) or tapping the link of species shows the images.
The following fossils from the geologic age to the prehistorical age are excavated in Panama. The explanation in brackets is the ages they lived in extinct species. Note that Mya is million years ago. For example, "48.6~40.4 Mya" shows a range between 48.6 and 40.4 million years ago. The time range is shown in the Geological Time Table. The followings are a part of the Evolutionary Tree.
prehistoric age
extinct species
Primitive elephant Cuvieronius   (10.3~0.011 Mya; 6m)
Primitive armadillo Glyptodon   (3.6~0.01 Mya; 3m)
Ground sloth Glossotherium (6.8~0.01 Mya), Eremotherium   (1.81~0.01 Mya; 6m), Scelidotherium   (0.78~0.01 Mya)
Ungulate Toxodon   (11.61~0.01 Mya)
Panama is a country located in the south of Central America and the tropical zone. It is bordered by Costa Rica to the west and by Colombiato the east, and by the Pacific Ocean to the south and by the Caribbean Sea to the north. The Panama Canal connects between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Panama is one of Biodiversity hotspots in the world. The following shows the distribution of animals in Panama.
extant species
Opossum Water Opossum (Stripe), Common Opossum, Mexican Mouse Opossum, Robinson's Mouse Opossum, Tschudi's Slender Opossum, Panama Slender Opossum, Brown Four-eyed Opossum, Alston's Mouse Opossum, Sepia Short-tailed Opossum, Gray Four-eyed Opossum … total 11 species
Armadillo Nine-banded Armadillo, Northern Naked-tailed Armadillo
Sloth Brown-throated Three-toed Sloth, Pygmy Three-toed Sloth, Hoffmann's Two-toed Sloth
Anteater Silky Anteater, Giant Anteater, Northern Tamandua
Primate Geoffroy's Tamarin, White-headed Capuchin, Central American Squirrel Monkey, Gray-bellied Night Monkey, Panamanian Night Monkey, Coiba Island Howler, Mantled Howler, Black-headed Spider Monkey, Geoffroy's Spider Monkey
Rodent Chiriqui Pocket Gopher, Darien Pocket Gopher, Rothschild's Porcupine, Mexican Hairy Dwarf Porcupine, Coiban Agouti, Central American Agouti, Lowland Paca, Capybara   (1.3m), Central American Dwarf Squirrel, Western Dwarf Squirrel, Variegated Squirrel, Red-tailed Squirrel, Bangs's Mountain Squirrel
Rabbit Tapeti, Dice's Cottontail, Eastern Cottontail
Odd-toed ungulate Baird's Tapir
Even-toed ungulate White-lipped Peccary, Collared Peccary, White-tailed deer, Red Brocket
Carnivora Jaguarundi, Ocelot   (Spotted), Oncilla   (Spotted), Margay   (Spotted), Jaguar   (Spotted), Coyote, Bush Dog, Gray Fox, Spectacled Bear   (More vegetarian), Striped Hog-nosed Skunk, Neotropical Otter, Tayra, Greater Grison, Long-tailed weasel, Common Raccoon, Crab-eating Raccoon, White-nosed Coati, Cacomistle, Kinkajou, Olingo, Chiriqui Olingo
Basilisk Plumed basilisk   (Running in water), Brown basilisk (Running in water), Common basilisk (Running in water), Western basilisk (Running in water)
Iguana Black Spinytail Iguana, Green Iguana
Crocodile Spectacled Caiman, American Crocodile
Curassow Great Curassow
Stork Wood Stork, Jabiru
Ibis Green Ibis, American White Ibis, Roseate Spoonbill
Condor American Black Vulture, Turkey Vulture, Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture, King Vulture  
Quetzal Resplendent Quetzal  , Golden-headed Quetzal  
Toucan Keel-billed Toucan  , Chestnut-mandibled Toucan  , Black-mandibled Toucan  
Parrot Scarlet Macaw  , Blue-and-yellow Macaw  , Military Macaw  , Green-winged Macaw  , Great Green Macaw  , Chestnut-fronted Macaw  , Crimson-fronted Parakeet  , Olive-throated Parakeet  , Brown-throated Parakeet  , Painted Parakeet   … total 23 species
bird (EN) Yellow-billed Cotinga
marine extant
Sea-cow West Indian Manatee
Turtle Loggerhead Sea Turtle, Green turtle, Hawksbill turtle, Olive Ridley, Leatherback turtle  
Frigatebird Magnificent Frigatebird
Albatross Wandering Albatross
Pelican Brown Pelican
Ray Manta ray  , Common sawfish
Shark Whale shark   (12m), Scalloped hammerhead, Great hammerhead, Shortfin mako
Marlin Atlantic sailfish, Atlantic Blue Marlin, Atlantic White Marlin
Coral (Table coral), (Brain corals)
small extant
Mole (EN) Enders's Small-eared Shrew, Darién Small-eared Shrew
Salamander (CR) Maritime Worm Salamander
Salamander (EN) Cerro Pando Salamander, Magnificent Web-footed Salamander, Crater Salamander, Dwarf Climbing Salamander, Cordillera Talamanca Salamander, Slender Worm Salamander, Cerro Pando Worm Salamander
Frog (CR) Golden Arrow Poison Frog   (Spotted), Lewis' Stubfoot Toad, Pirri Range Stubfoot Toad, Veragoa Stubfoot Toad, Pico Blanco Toad, Almirante Trail Toad, Costa Rica Brook Frog, Heredia Treefrog, Rabb's Fringe-limbed Treefrog, Narrow-lined Treefrog, (Isthmohyla calypsa), Isla Bonita Treefrog, Continental Divide Treefrog, American Cinchona Plantation Treefrog, Starrett's Treefrog, (Rana vibicaria)
Frog (EN) Darien Stubfoot Toad, Limosa Stubfoot Toad, Polkadot Poison Frog  , Splendid Poison Frog  , (Hylomantis lemur), Savage's Brook Frog, La Loma Treefrog, Volcan Barba Treefrog, Legler's Stream Frog, (Gastrotheca cornuta), (Eleutherodactylus museosus)