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Tanzania - Animals in the Habitats and the Fossil sites, and Biodiversity

Classified animal picture guide. Clicking(highlighting) or tapping the link of species shows the images.
The following fossils from the geologic age to the prehistorical age are excavated in Tanzania. The explanation in brackets is the ages they lived in extinct species. Note that Mya is million years ago. For example, "48.6~40.4 Mya" shows a range between 48.6 and 40.4 million years ago. The time range is shown in the Geological Time Table. The followings are a part of the Evolutionary Tree.
Tanzania
prehistoric age
Tanzania
extinct species
Paleozoic
Mammal-like reptile Dicynodon   (258~216.5 Mya; Great Dying③)
Primitive amphibia Peltobatrachus   (270.6~268 Mya)
Tanzania
extinct species
Mesozoic
Primitive dino Asilisaurus   (245~237 Mya)
Flying reptile Pterodactylus   (199.6~136.4 Mya), Rhamphorhynchus   (164.7~145.5 Mya)
Amored dino Kentrosaurus   (161.2~145.5 Mya), Hesperosaurus   (150 Mya)
Bird-hipped dino Dryosaurus   (155.7~150.8 Mya)
Long-necked dino Dicraeosaurus   (161.2~145.5 Mya), Australodocus   (150.8~145.5 Mya)
Predatory dino Megalosaurus   (166 Mya)
Large predatory dino Allosaurus   (161.2~145.5 Mya)
Tanzania
extinct species
Cenozoic
Primitive elephant Anancus   (9~0.126 Mya)
Elephant Elephas recki (5.33~0.01 Mya), Loxodonta exoptata (3.6~1.81 Mya)
Hominid Australopithecus afarensis (3.7~2.9 Mya; excavated at Laetoli), Paranthropus boisei (2.6~1.2 Mya; excavated at Olduvai Gorge,Peninj), Homo habilis (2.3~1.4 Mya; excavated at Olduvai Gorge), Homo erectus (1.8~1 Mya; excavated at Olduvai Gorge)
Even-toed ungulate Archaeopotamus harvardi (11.61~3.6 Mya; Hippo), Giraffa jumae (5.3~0.126 Mya), Metridiochoerus   (3.6~0.781 Mya; Boar), Megalotragus (3.6~0.781 Mya; Rhebok), Pelorovis   (3.6~0.01 Mya; Giant horned buffalo), Gorgon-eyed Hippopotamus (2.59~0.781 Mya)
Odd-toed ungulate Ancylotherium   (9~1.81 Mya)
Saber-toothed cat Homotherium   (13.65~0.01 Mya), Machairodus   (11.61~0.126 Mya; 2.5m), Megantereon (10.3~1.8 Mya)
Carnivora Dinofelis (9~1.8 Mya; Cat), European Jaguar (3.4~0.126 Mya)
Tanzania is a country located in the east of Africa and the tropical zone. It is bordered by Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Congo DR, Zambia, Malawi and Mozanbique, and by the Inidan Ocean to the east. The following shows the distribution of animals in Tanzania.
Tanzania
Tanzania
regionally extinct
in historic age
Odd-toed ungulate White Rhinoceros
Frog Kihansi Spray Toad
Tanzania
extant species
Elephant shrew Checkered Elephant Shrew, Black Elephant Shrew, Grey-faced Sengi, Four-toed Elephant Shrew, Short-snouted Elephant Shrew, Rufous Elephant Shrew
Tenrec Giant Otter Shrew, Stuhlmann's Golden Mole
Aardvark Aardvark   (Living fossil)
Hyrax Rock Hyrax, Yellow-spotted Rock Hyrax, Southern Tree Hyrax
Elephant African elephant   (7.3m)
Primate Brown Greater Galago, Northern Greater Galago, Senegal Bushbaby, Mohol Bushbaby, Zanzibar Bushbaby, Thomas's Bushbaby, Grant's Bushbaby, Uluguru Bushbaby, Rondo Bushbaby, Prince Demidoff's Bushbaby, Patas Monkey, (Vervet Monkeys), Blue Monkey, Red-tailed Monkey, Grey-cheeked Mangabey, Kipunji, Olive Baboon, Yellow Baboon, Tana River Mangabey, Angola Colobus, Mantled Guereza, Zanzibar Red Colobus, Uzungwa Red Colobus, Chimpanzee
Rodent Lord Derby's Scaly-tailed flying squirrel, Long-eared Flying Mouse, Springhare, Cape Porcupine, Crested Porcupine, African Brush-tailed Porcupine, Striped Ground Squirrel, Unstriped Ground Squirrel, Gambian Sun Squirrel, Red-legged Sun Squirrel, Mutable Sun Squirrel, Zanj Sun Squirrel, Smith's Bush Squirrel, Boehm's Bush Squirrel, Ochre Bush Squirrel, Red Bush Squirrel, Swynnerton's Bush Squirrel, Black and Red Bush Squirrel, Striped Bush Squirrel, Forest Giant Squirrel
Rabbit Smith's Red Rock Hare, Cape Hare, African Savanna Hare
Hedgehog Four-toed Hedgehog
Even-toed ungulate Giant Forest Hog, Common Warthog, Bushpig, Hippopotamus, Giraffe   (5m), African Buffalo, Sitatunga, Greater Kudu, Bushbuck, Lesser Kudu, Common Eland, Abbott's Duiker, Ader's Duiker, Peters's Duiker, Harvey's Duiker, Red Forest Duiker, Weyns's Duiker, Blue Duiker, Common Duiker, Roan Antelope, Sable Antelope, Gemsbok, Thomson's Gazelle, Grant's Gazelle, Gerenuk   (Giraffe-necked antelope), Kirk's Dik-dik, Suni, Klipspringer, Oribi, Steenbok, Sharpe's Grysbok, Waterbuck, Kob, Puku, Southern Reedbuck, Mountain Reedbuck, Bohor Reedbuck, Impala, Tsessebe, Hartebeest, Lichtenstein's Hartebeest, Blue Wildebeest   (Massive migration)
Megabat Angolan Rousette, Egyptian Rousette, Long-haired Rousette, East African Little Collared Fruit Bat, Pemba Flying Fox, Seychelles fruit bat, Dobson's Fruit Bat, Franquet's Epauletted Fruit Bat, Peters's Epauletted Fruit Bat, Ethiopian Epauletted Fruit Bat … total 13 species
Odd-toed ungulate Plains Zebra   (Stripe), Black Rhinoceros
Pangolin Giant Pangolin, Tree Pangolin, Ground Pangolin
Carnivora African Palm Civet, Wild Cat (Spotted), Cheetah  , Serval   (Spotted), Caracal   (Tufted large ear), Lion   (2.5m), Leopard   (Spotted), African Civet (Spotted), Abyssinian Genet (Spotted), Common Genet (Spotted), Servaline Genet (Spotted), Rusty-spotted Genet (Spotted), Striped Hyena, Spotted Hyena, Aardwolf, Marsh Mongoose, Bushy-tailed Mongoose, Jackson's Mongoose, Slender Mongoose, Common Dwarf Mongoose, Egyptian Mongoose, Long-nosed Mongoose, Banded Mongoose, Meller's Mongoose, Side-striped Jackal, Golden Jackal, Black-backed Jackal, African Wild Dog, Bat-eared Fox   (Unusual large ears), African Clawless Otter, Spotted-necked Otter, Striped Polecat (Foul-smelling secretions), Honey Badger, African Striped Weasel
Crocodile Slender-snouted Crocodile, Nile Crocodile
Lizard Rock Monitor
Chameleon Side-striped Chameleon, Jackson's Three-horned Chameleon  , Meller's Chameleon  , Coarse Chameleon  , Usambara Three-horned Chameleon, Ngosi Volcano Chameleon, Tanganyika Chameleon, Poroto Mountain Chameleon, Spine-sided Chameleon, (Chamaeleo sternfeldi) … total 25 species
Ostrich Ostrich   (2.75m)
Goose Spur-winged Goose, Egyptian Goose  
Guineafowl Helmeted Guineafowl  , Crested Guineafowl  , Vulturine Guineafowl  
Stork
Ibis Sacred Ibis, Olive Ibis, Spot-breasted Ibis, Hadada Ibis, Glossy Ibis, African Spoonbill
Hornbill Red-billed Hornbill, Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill, Von der Decken's Hornbill, Crowned Hornbill, African Pied Hornbill, African Grey Hornbill, Pale-billed Hornbill, Trumpeter Hornbill  , Silvery-cheeked Hornbill  , Black-and-white-casqued Hornbill  
Crane Grey Crowned Crane  , Wattled Crane  
Turaco Hartlaub's Turaco  , Fischer's Turaco  , Livingstone's Turaco  , Schalow's Turaco  , Black-billed Turaco  , Purple-crested Turaco  , Ross's Turaco  , Bare-faced Go-away-bird  , Grey Go-away-bird  , White-bellied Go-away-bird  , Eastern Grey Plantain-eater, Great Blue Turaco  
Pelican White Pelican, Pink-backed Pelican
Flamingo Lesser Flamingo  , American Flamingo  
Parrot African Grey Parrot, Cape Parrot  , Jardine's Parrot  , Meyer's Parrot  , Brown-headed Parrot  , Red-bellied Parrot  , Nyasa Lovebird  , Fischer's Lovebird  , Masked Lovebird  , Red-faced Lovebird  
endemic bird Grey-breasted Francolin, Pemba Green-pigeon  , Masked Lovebird  , Pemba Scops-owl, Usambara Eagle-owl, Mrs Moreau's Warbler, Pemba White-eye, Iringa Akalat, Rufous-tailed Weaver, Kilombero Weaver, Tanzania Masked-weaver, Banded Sunbird, Moreau's Sunbird, Loveridge's Sunbird, Rufous-winged Sunbird
bird (CR) Uluguru Bush-shrike, Long-billed Tailorbird
bird (EN) Rubeho Forest-partridge, Udzungwa Forest-partridge, Madagascar Pond Heron, Kungwe Apalis, Usambara Akalat, Rubeho Akalat, Spotted Ground-thrush, Sokoke Pipit, Usambara Weaver
Tree African Baobab
Tanzania
marine extant
species
Sea-cow Dugong
Turtle Green turtle, Hawksbill turtle, Olive Ridley
Frigatebird Great Frigatebird, Lesser Frigatebird
Albatross Shy Albatross
Coelacanth Comorese coelacanth   (410 Mya~; Great Dying②③④⑤)
Shark Whale shark   (12m), Great hammerhead, Great white shark  , Shortfin mako
Marlin Indo-Pacific sailfish, Black Marlin
Mangrove (White mangrove), (Red mangrove), (Black mangrove)
Tanzania
small extant
species
Mole (CR) Phillip's Congo Shrew
Mole (EN) Desperate Shrew, Tanzanian Shrew, Telford's Shrew, Usambara Shrew, Howell's Forest Shrew, Geata Mouse Shrew, Kihaule's Mouse Shrew
Bat (EN) Tanzanian Woolly Bat
Frog (CR) (Churamiti maridadi), (Nectophrynoides paulae), Poynton's Forest Toad, Uzungwe Scarp Tree Toad, (Parhoplophryne usambarica)
Frog (EN) Nike's Squeaker, Braun's Toad, Mrora Forest Toad, Usambara Forest Toad, Secret Tree Toad, (Nectophrynoides laticeps), Minute Tree Toad, Pseudo Forest Toad, Vestergaard's Forest Toad, (Hyperolius puncticulatus)   (Yellow), (Hyperolius kihangensis), (Hyperolius tannerorum), (Afrixalus sylvaticus), (Kassina jozani), (Callulina kisiwamsitu), (Probreviceps durirostris), (Hoplophryne rogersi), Usambara Torrent Frog, (Arthroleptides yakusini), (Phrynobatrachus krefftii), (Phrynobatrachus pakenhami)
Swallowtail
butterfly
Kilimanjaro Swallowtail