Interactive Web Apps
Web Applications
 World Atlas
World Heritage 
 Evolutionary Tree
 Evolutionary Tree
 Evolutionary Tree
 Evolutionary Tree
site map

The distribution of animals around the world is listed by local. It shows what animals live where like an illustrated reference book. Not only living species, the fossil of extinct wildlife is classified by country discovered. Phylogenetic Tree for Wildlife is a web applications to display extant and extinct wildlife as a tree structure. World Atlas for World Heritage is a web applications to display world heritage on the map.

What's new

Wildlife Type >

Turtles and primitive reptiles in Anapsida (Phylogenetic tree) - Animals in the Habitats and the Fossil sites, and Biodiversity

Classified animal picture guide. Clicking(highlighting) or tapping the link of species shows the images.
The followings are extinct Anapsids excavated and extant species in the world. Anapsids evolved from Amphibias, and are ancestors or turtules lived from Carboniferous and survived three times the Great Dying③④⑤. The explanation in brackets is the ages they lived in extinct species, and the habitat in extant species. Note that Mya is million years ago. For example, "48.6~40.4 Mya" shows a range between 48.6 and 40.4 million years ago. The time range is shown in the Geological Time Table. The followings are a part of the Evolutionary Tree.
  • Kingdom Animalia
    • Phylum Chordate
      • Subphylum Vertebra
        • Infraphylum Gnathostomata (Jawed vertebrates)
          • Class Amphibia
            • Superorder Reptiliomorpha (Reptile-like amphibia; 318.1~272.5 Mya)
              Westlothiana   (336~332.9 Mya; Primitive amniotes), Casineria   (339.4~336 Mya; Primitive amniotes), Eogyrinus   (318.1~299 Mya), Diplovertebron   (311.7~306.5 Mya), Diadectes   (290~272.5 Mya; Ancestors of amniotes), Seymouria   (284~272.5 Mya; Many reptilian features)
          • Class Synapsida (Mammal-like reptiles)
            • Division Mammaliaformes (Mammal-shaped)
          • Class Sauropsida (Non mammal-like reptiles)
            • Subclass Anapsida (No arch near the temples)
              • Order Captorhinida (Early reptiles)
                Hylonomus   (318.1~313.4 Mya; Earlist reptiles), Eudibamus   (284~279.5 Mya), Labidosaurus   (279.5~272.5 Mya), Milleretta   (253.8~251 Mya)
              • Order Mesosauria (Small marine reptiles)
                Mesosaurus   (284~279.5 Mya; Earlist reptiles), Stereosternum   (284~279.5 Mya)
              • Order Procolophonomorpha (Ancestors of turtles; 272.5~199.6 Mya)
                Ancestors of
                Bradysaurus   (265~260.5 Mya; 3m), Provelosaurus   (265~260.5 Mya), Owenetta   (260.5~245 Mya; Great Dying③), Arganaceras   (260.5~253.8 Mya; 2.5m), Scutosaurus   (258~251 Mya; 3.5m), Procolophon   (251~245 Mya)
              • Order Testudines (Turtles; 203.6 Mya~)
                • Suborder Proganochelydia (Extinct turtles)
                  Turtle Odontochelys   (228~216.5 Mya; Oldest turtles), Proganochelys   (216.5~203.6 Mya; Oldest turtles)
                • Suborder Cryptodira (Sea turtles, Tortoises)
                  Turtle Glyptops (155.7~99.6 Mya), Pleurosternon (145.5~83.5 Mya), Mesodernochelys   (86.3~72.1 Mya; 2m)
                  Horned turtle Meiolania   (50~0.003 Mya; 2.5m), Owen's Ninja Turtle   (1.8~0.01 Mya)
                  Snapping turtle Chelydropsis (28.4~13.7 Mya), Alligator Snapping Turtle (North America), Common Snapping Turtle (North America)
                  • Superfamily Chelonioidea (Sea turtles)
                    sea turtle
                    Protostega   (99.6~70.6 Mya; 2.7m), Archelon   (83.5~70.6 Mya; 4m)
                    Sea turtle Puppigerus   (99.6~13.65 Mya; Great Dying⑤), Allopleuron   (93.5~37.2 Mya; Great Dying⑤; 2.5m), Loggerhead Sea Turtle (warm ocean), Green turtle (warm ocean), Hawksbill turtle (warm ocean), Kemp's Ridley (Caribbean Sea), Olive Ridley (warm ocean), Flatback Turtle (coast of Australia and New Guinea)
                    Leatherback turtle Mesodernochelys   (86.3~72.1 Mya; 2m), Psephophorus   (55.8~4.9 Mya), Leatherback turtle   (warm ocean; 2.7m)
                  • Superfamily Testudinoidea (Land turtles)
                    land turtle
                    Sinemys   (155.7~99.6 Mya), Toxochelys   (85.8~70.6 Mya; 2m)
                    Big-headed turtle Big-headed Turtle (Southeast Asia)
                    Water turtle
                    7 spp
                    Blanding's Turtle (North America), European Pond Turtle (Europe), Spotted Turtle (North America), (Box turtles) (North America)
                    Water turtle
                    32 spp
                    Painted Turtle (North America), Chicken Turtle (North America), (Map turtles) (North America), Diamondback terrapin (North America), (Cooters) (North America), (Slider turtles) (Americas)
                    Asian turtle
                    11 spp
                    Giant river turtle (Southeast Asia), Painted Batagur (Southeast Asia), (Asian roofed turtles) (South Asia), (Asian eyed terrapin) (South Asia), Brahminy River Turtle (South Asia)
                    Asian turtle
                    46 spp
                    Echmatemys (50.3~40.4 Mya), (Chinese pond turtles) (China), (Asian box turtles) (Southeast and East Asia), Asian Leaf Turtle (Southeast Asia), Ryukyu Black-breasted Leaf Turtle (Japan), Sulawesi Forest Turtle (Indonesia)
                    34 spp
                    Stylemys (38~28.4 Mya), Hesperotestudo   (20.6~0.01 Mya), Colossochelys   (7.25~1.81 Mya; 2.5m), (Giant Tortoises) (1 Mya~1840s), (Giant Tortoises) (Seychelles, Madagascar), (Geochelone tortoises) (Africa・Asia), (Gopher tortoises) (North America), (Hinged tortoises) (Africa)
                  • Superfamily Trionychoidea (Softshelled turtles)
                    Pignose turtle Anosteira (50.3~37.2 Mya), Allaeochelys (46.2~42 Mya), Pig-nosed Turtle (Australia・New Guinea)
                    River turtle Mesoamerican River Turtle (Central America)
                    Mud turtle
                    25 spp
                    (Mud turtles) (Americas), (Musk turtles) (North America), Narrow-bridged Musk Turtle (Central America), (Giant musk turtules) (Central America)
                    Softshell turtle
                    5 spp
                    Nubian Flapshell Turtle (Africa), Zambezi Flapshell Turtle (Africa), Indian Flapshell Turtle (South Asia)
                    Softshell turtle
                    20 spp
                    Sinaspideretes (161~145 Mya), Basilochelys (150.8~140.2 Mya), Palaeotrionyx   (65.5~63.3 Mya), Asiatic Softshell Turtle (Southeast Asia), (Softshell turtles) (North America), (Peacock softshell turtles) (South Asia), (Chitra turtles) (South and Southeast Asia), Asian Giant Soft Shelled Turtle (New Guinea), Soft-shelled Turtle (East Asia)
                • Suborder Pleurodira (Side-necked turtles)
                  sideneck turtle
                  58 spp
                  (South American Side-necked Swamp Turtles) (South America), (Australian Snake-necked Turtles) (Australia・New Guinea), Matamata turtle   (South America; Large flat head), (Australian Snapping Turtles) (Australia,New Guinea), Mary River turtle (Australia), (Australian Short-necked Turtles) (Australia), (South American Snake-necked Turtles) (South America), Twist-neck turtle (South America), Western Swamp Tortoise (Australia)
                  sideneck turtle
                  15 spp
                  African helmeted turtle (Africa), (African side-necked turtles) (Africa)
                  big-headed turtle
                  8 spp
                  Stupendemys   (9~7.25 Mya; 2.4m), Madagascar Big-headed Turtle (Madagascar), Big-headed Amazon River Turtle (Amazon), (South American side-necked river turtles)   (South America)
            • Subclass Diapsida (Two arches near the temples)
              • Infraclass Lepidosauromorpha (Lizards, Snakes, Tuatara)
              • Infraclass Archosauromorpha (Crocodiles, Pterosaurs, Dinosaurs)
Wildlife's class - Mammal, Reptile (Dinosaur), Amphibia, Bird, Fish, Arthropod (Insect), Molluscs, Cnidarian, Other Animals, Plant
Redlist Categories & Criteria - Extinct, Extinct in the Wild, Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable, Others
The italic shows endemic species. * after the name shows subspecies. ~ after the name shows family or genus.
   shows maga species or largest of the family.    shows rare and interesting species.
   shows colorfull or beatiful species.    shows venomous or harmful species.
Great Dying①,②,③,④,⑤ are Ordovician–Silurian (450~440 Mya), Late Devonian (375~360 Mya), Permian–Triassic (260~253 Mya), Triassic–Jurassic (205 Mya), Cretaceous–Tertiary (65.5 Mya) extinction event. It means that the species survived the Great Dying (GDying).